Sandrine Victor, Le Pic et la Plume. L’administration d’un chantier (Catalogne, xve siècle)

Le chantier est un monde vivant et dynamique. Parler d’administration et de gestion d’un chantier n’est pas un terrain d’enquête sec : c’est parler des hommes qui portent les processus, qui produisent la documentation, mais également des ouvriers et de leurs liens avec les agents administratifs.

Christiane Klapisch-Zuber, Florence à l’écritoire. Écriture et mémoire, XIVe-XV siècles

La Florence de la première Renaissance est une ville de négociants, d’industriels, d’artisans, de peintres. Ces hommes tiennent des livres de comptes et beaucoup ne lâchent pas la plume en rentrant chez eux. Certains se piquent même de généalogie. Si cette écriture domestique qui enregistre, calcule et transmet est la pierre angulaire de la confiance réciproque et de l’identité sociale, elle est en revanche encore mal partagée entre hommes et femmes. Celles-ci s’efforcent toutefois de s’en approprier l’usage pour participer à la vie quotidienne et à la mémoire collective de leurs lignées.

Bd. 27 Nr. 2 (2022): Die Materialität von Kredit. Sachüberlieferungen mittelalterlicher Schuld- und Kreditbeziehungen

https://heiup.uni-heidelberg.de/journals/index.php/mial/issue/view/2429

Dieses Themenheft gibt einen Überblick über die Diversität von Sachüberlieferungen mittelalterlicher Schuld- und Kreditbeziehungen in Zentral-, Nord- und Südosteuropa. In neun Fallstudien wird die Bedeutung verschiedenartiger Artefakte wie Kerbhölzer, Pfandgegenstände, Rechnungslisten oder Briefe für Kreditbeziehungen in unterschiedlichen mittelalterlichen Gesellschaften beschrieben. Es wird gezeigt, dass Kredite auf keine bestimmte ökonomische oder soziale Gruppe beschränkt waren. Unter Anwendung multidisziplinärer Zugänge, etwa aus der Archäologie, Philologie, Judaistik oder Germanistik, werden neue Aspekte des mittelalterlichen Wirtschaftens rekonstruiert, die bisher nur peripher wahrgenommen wurden.

Portugal in a European Context

Essays on Taxation and Fiscal Policies in Late Medieval and Early Modern Western Europe, 1100-1700

  • Explains why Portuguese fiscal history is understudied and underrepresented within the international literature
  • Highlights the main lines of research developed since the initial studies on this subject during the 1960s
  • Establishes initial comparative standards in the light of the Portuguese case’s first steps and developments

Religions et fiscalité

Par Marie-Christine Marcellesi et Anne-Valérie Pont

dans le monde méditerranéen de l’Antiquité à nos jours

Dans les différentes civilisations méditerranéennes, les institutions religieuses ont souvent possédé des richesses importantes. Ce constat, encore valable aujourd’hui, suscite de nombreuses interrogations de la part des sociétés concernées : les biens des dieux doivent-ils être soumis à l’impôt ou peuvent-ils, en sens contraire, bénéficier d’avantages fiscaux ? Les responsables religieux peuvent-ils, de droit, prélever des taxes ?

Depuis la Mésopotamie jusqu’à la Grèce contemporaine, en passant par les mondes romain, byzantin, arabe et ottoman, les contributions réunies dans cet ouvrage cherchent à comprendre comment se sont noués, au fil du temps, les liens entre religion et fiscalité et comment l’argent des dieux a pu, ou non, être soumis à un prélèvement dédié à la collectivité. Les différentes religions polythéistes et monothéistes sont tour à tour examinées et les questions du patrimoine du ou des dieux, des prêtres, des minorités religieuses, comme celle d’une soumission régulière ou exceptionnelle à la fiscalité de l’État, ainsi que celle de la conception religieuse des obligations fiscales, sont abordées ici au gré des différents chapitres.

Enfin, ce livre montre comment l’État et les communautés culturelles se sont progressivement distingués les uns des autres, distinction qui se trouve au fondement même de notre laïcité.

Medieval Finance Network

Online Spring Workshop

9am – 12 noon (GMT) Thursday 12 January 2023

9.00 – 9.05 Welcome and introduction (Dr Tanja Skambraks, University of Mannheim)

9.05 – 9.20 Chris Budleigh, Birkbeck College, University of London, ‘Currency Debasement and Reform in the 11th Century Byzantine Empire’

9.20 – 9.35 Dr Matthias Berlandi, University of Utrecht, ‘A Quantitative Analysis of the English and Baltic Grain Trade’.

9.35 – 9.50 Dr Nils Bock, University of Munster, ‘Entangled War Finance around 1300: Paris, Rome, Florence’

9.50 – 10.10 Questions (chaired by Dr Tanja Skambraks)

10.10 – 10.30 Break

10.30 – 10.45 Dr Fabrizio Alias, University of Sassari – PRIN Loc-Glob, ‘A Royal Investigation of Customs Duties in the Crown of Aragon (1346)’

10.45 – 11.00 Dr Sandra de la Torre Gonzalo, University of Valladolid, ‘Financing a New Political Project: Newcomers and the Deputation of the Kingdom of Aragon in the 15th Century’

11.00 – 11.15 Dr Marco Conti, University of Bordeaux-Montaigne, ‘Studying Medieval Tax Evasion: Some Reflections on the Bologna Case (13th – 14th centuries)’

11.15 – 11.35 Questions (chaired by Dr Jaco Zuijderduijn, Lund University)

11.35 – 11.55 General discussion and update on research, conferences etc. (chaired by Dr Jaco Zuijderduijn)

11.55 – 12.00 Concluding remarks (Dr Tanja Skambraks)

Culturas fiscales en la Europa Bajomedieval

https://revistas.usal.es/uno/index.php/Studia_H_Historia_Medieval/index

Studia Historica. Historia Medieval , n° 40(2022), dir. Ángel Galán Sánchez, José Ramón Díaz de Durana.

El dossier que ahora presentamos, es el resultado de una encuesta dentro del proyecto «La construcción de una cultura fiscal en Castilla: poderes, negociación y articulación social (ca. 1250-1550)» (PGC2018-097738-B-100), que en estrecha colaboración con algunos de los proyectos de la red Arca Comunis, lanzó hace algunos años. En el dossier que presentamos hemos optado por una visión comparativa en términos europeos y por tanto la mitad de los trabajos que lo componen proceden de lugares ajenos a la Castilla cuya investigación era el objeto principal del proyecto mencionado. En realidad, el estudio de la cultura fiscal es un problema común, no solo a las sociedades europeas, sino a todas aquellas sociedades con formas estatales más o menos desarrolladas y, por ende, con sistemas fiscales operativos (…)

Call for Papers: 48th Economic and Business History Society Conference, Porto, Portugal, May 24-27, 2023

The 48th Economic and Business History Society annual conference will be held in Porto, Portugal, on May 24-27, 2023, in partnership with the Arca Comunis Spanish Network of Fiscal History Projects and invites submissions to the conference committee on the theme of Building Bridges in Economic and Business History. At the most recent World Economic History Congress held in Paris, in July 2022, several strong appeals were made to foster interdisciplinary approaches with different areas and connect different historiographies. The organizing committee invites proposals that consider this theme. While the committee will give some preference to papers and panels that fit this theme, the conference committee will also take into consideration papers and panels that engage topics concerned with economic and business history widely construed, including financial and management history and history of economic thought.

Continuing from the success of the 2022 conference, and the particular success of the previous mentorship workshops, EBHS will again be organizing a Doctoral Workshop, which will be held the day before the conference begins. These will be available for any doctoral student who is undertaking a PhD in the fields of business history and economic history, broadly conceived. This includes management history, financial history, labor history, social history, the history of capitalism, as well as business history and economic history. Further news and a call for paper will be distributed at a later date. All papers proposed and accepted for the workshop will be accepted to the general EBHS program as well.

The conference venue is the Sheraton Porto Hotel & Spa, twice-awarded (2021 and 2022) as the “Travelers’ choice” by the referential website Tripadvisor. Accommodation will be available to delegates at the preferential conference rate of €160 per night. There will be two plenary lectures on the 24th and 26th of May, receptions, and other social events, in addition to the usual conference proceedings. The hotel rates are available for pre- and post-conference dates, if attendees would like to bring families and/or stay a little longer to enjoy Porto and the beautiful Douro River Valley.

The program chair is Dr. Jeremy Land (jeremy.land@helsinki.fi), and president is Dr. Rodrigo Dominguez (rcdominguez@ics.uminho.pt). Proposals should include an abstract of no more than 500 words and contact details, and it can be submitted via the conference website (ebhsoc.org/conference) listed below, or via email to both the program chair and president. The deadline for submissions is December 31, 2022. The Program Chair intends to send notifications of acceptance by the end of January.

Conference website and online submission

Seminario de investigación

“GUERRA, MERCADOS Y SISTEMAS FISCALES EN CASTILLA Y SABOYA, SIGLOS XV-XVII”

Dirección Científica:
Ángel Galán Sánchez (Universidad de Málaga), Elena María García Guerra (EEHAR-CSIC)

Este evento tendrá lugar de forma presencial en la Sala de Conferencias de la EEHAR-CSIC (via di S. Eufemia 13 en Roma) y será retransmitido on line en el canal YouTube EEHAR CSIC

22 de Noviembre 2022

Siguenos en YouTube EEHAR CSIC Follow on YouTube EEHAR CISC www.eehar.csic.es

Presentación:

Este seminario, impulsado por “Arca Comunis. Red de Investigación sobre Historia de la Fiscalidad Medieval y Moderna” y que cuenta con la participación de historiadores de amplia trayectoria junto con especialistas jóvenes de una enorme proyección, tiene como objetivo contribuir a la comprensión histórica del hecho fiscal en la Corona de Castilla y en el ducado de Saboya. Las intervenciones, basadas en una rica y variada documentación, serán el punto de partida de una reflexión sobre el papel de la guerra en el proceso de construcción de la fiscalidad pública y, al mismo tiempo, sobre la influencia de la fiscalidad en las dinámicas productivas y mercantiles, tanto en territorios de realengo como en los señoríos. Todo ello concebido desde la larga duración histórica y sin olvidar la importante función de la negociación y de los intermediarios fiscales.

Martes 22 Noviembre 2022

Moderador: Giuseppe De Luca (Università degli Studi di Milano)
14:15 Carlo Ludovico Severgnini (Universidad de Bolonia): “Financiar la guerra entre

negociaciones y disputas fiscales en Saboya y Piamonte (1417-1455)”.

14:35 Pablo Ortego Rico (Universidad de Málaga): “¿Fragmentación o centralización? Riesgos y beneficios de la gestión de la fiscalidad real en tiempos de Isabel I (1480-1494)”.

14:55 Jesús García Ayoso (Universidad de Málaga/Universidad de Lisboa): “La guerra en una nueva frontera: los beneficios de la piratería en los señoríos del Estrecho (siglos XV-XVI)”.

15:15 Pausa
15:30 Ángel Galán Sánchez (Universidad de Málaga): “Guerra e integración de mercados:

el rol del abastecimiento de las armadas en la primera mitad del siglo XVI”.

15:50 Luis Salas Almela (Universidad de Córdoba): “El final de la tenencia de Melilla por los duques de Medina Sidonia (1559): una salida honorable a un problema de recursos”.

16:10 José Ignacio Fortea Pérez (Universidad de Cantabria): “La financiación de la guerra de Portugal y la crisis del sistema de asientos en Castilla (1640-1668)”.

16:30 Debate

Call for Papers – Medieval accountability: normativity, numeracy, and rhetoric from the institutional to the domestic sphere

University of Bucharest, 2-3 June 2023

The last two decades of research into medieval ideas and practices of accountability emphasised the multifaceted nature of this subject, from financial accountancy to norms of conduct in office to broader notions of social responsibility. As individual studies tended to focus on one or a couple of specific aspects, it becomes important at the present historiographical juncture to direct our attention to the points of articulation between the different practices of accountability, circa 1200–1500. This two-day conference invites contributions that examine accountability from multiple angles and test new approaches. We particularly encourage comparisons between the institutional and the private sphere, for instance as regards the mutual influences and shared culture of accountability/responsibility. Equally, we welcome contributions that discuss the relation between, on the one hand, numeracy and accounting, and on the other hand, memoranda and instructions about conduct in office or more broadly in society. As a way of expanding the traditional emphasis on accounting records, papers can also explore other sources that evince relevant aspects of social and institutional conduct and one’s responsibility for it, such as administrative reports and inquests.

The conference papers will be collected in an edited volume published with an international academic press and should reflect original, unpublished research. The organisers will provide three nights hotel accommodation and help defray travel expenses. For inquiries, contact Ionuț Epurescu-Pascovici at ionut.epurescu-pascovici@icub.unibuc.ro

Proposals of circa 300 words outlining the source material, methodology, and anticipated findings should be emailed to ionut.epurescu-pascovici@icub.unibuc.ro by 15 December 2022.